Gum bleeding after brushing or flossing could be caused by brushing forcefully with a hard-bristled toothbrush. But, if you notice bleeding of the gums accompanied by darkening of the gums or lingering tooth sensitivity, it could be gum disease. And, you may need to seek general dentistry near you for immediate treatment.
Gum disease is a condition that affects the gums and the bones around them. It can cause infections, tooth loss, bone damage, and even heart disease if not treated. Gum disease is the number two reason for tooth loss.
Gum disease covers a spectrum of conditions affecting the gums and other structures within or surrounding the mouth. It can be classified by location and degree. Gum disease does not always exhibit symptoms to prevent or identify and may go undetected for some time without any effect.
Gum disease causes swelling and redness of the gums, which often leads to receding gums, loose teeth, and even tooth loss.
Gum disease can be detected early before symptoms present but may go unnoticed if you get regular assessments.
Gum disease can be caused by poor dental health, including frequent consumption of sugary foods and neglecting to brush twice a day. Bacteria in the oral cavity break down the sugary foods and produce a sticky film– plaques. When plaques harden, they form tartar, which causes gum disease.
Other causes of gum diseases include:
Advanced cases of gum disease may require a periodontist for treatment options. General Dentistry in Los Gato’s professionals commonly uses gingival grafts to patch receding gums and add volume to make teeth more stable. Surgery can also be used to remove excess gum tissue from areas of the mouth, causing the patient discomfort.
There are two main types of gum disease, which include gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease, and it makes your gums red, painful, and leaky. Adequate oral hygiene and professional therapy are sufficient for curing gingivitis.
Gingivitis can progress to periodontitis if not treated. Plaque might spread and grow beneath the gum line with time. The bacteria in plaque irritate the gums by producing toxins. The toxins induce a persistent inflammatory response in which the body’s tissues and bones are damaged and destroyed. Gums separate from the teeth and form pockets.
These pockets can deepen and harbor bacteria that can destroy the bone. Eventually, the teeth loosen and lead to extraction.
Periodontitis presents in different forms:
There are several treatments that you can use to treat gum disease in Los Gatos. However, the treatment will depend on the stage of gum disease.